The Code of Practice states:
‘Children & young people with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) have difficulty in communicating with others. This may be because they have difficulty saying what they want to, understanding what is being said to them or they do not understand or use social rules of communication. The profile for every child with SLCN is different and their needs may change over time. They may have difficulty with one, some or all of the different aspects of speech, language or social communication at different times of their lives. Children & young people with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), including Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism, are likely to have particular difficulties with social interaction. They may also experience difficulties with language, communication and imagination, which can have an impact on how they relate to others.’
SLCN is an umbrella term derived from the Bercow review in 2008. It applies to all Children & young people who have difficulty with speech, language and/or communication. These difficulties could be:
- As a primary need (developmental language disorder) in the absence of any other difficulties
- As part of another condition such as autism, learning difficulties, deafness or cerebral palsy
- Resulting from social and/or environmental disadvantage.